Terminology 2 Heart / Blood Flow

Question Answer
3 types of blood vessels in the body are: Arteries, Veins, Capillaries
Which is the largest blood vessel? Aorta
Does the artery carry blood to or away from the heart Carry blood away from the heart
Smaller branches of arteries are called…what? Arterioles
What do the arterioles do? Carry bloody to the smaller blood vessels, the capillaries
List in order the path of the blood vessels Aorta, Arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, venae cavae
Why is the pulmonary vein unusual? They are the only veins in the body that carry oxygenated blood.
Why is the pulmonary artery unusual? Because it is the only artery in the body that carries blood deficient in oxygen.
Which is the largest artery? The aorta
The muscles on the left side of the heart pump blood out of the heart through…. The largest single artery in the body, the aorta
The human heart lies within what cavity The thoracic cavity (between the lungs)
Instrument to measure blood pressure Sphymomanometer
What are all the names to the hearts chambers? Atrium and Ventricle
Oxygen poor blood enters the heart through the two largest veins in the body, the Venae Cavae
What are the two Venae Cavae? Superior and Inferior
The chambers of the heart are separated by something called the : Sept a/um
Upper most chamber of the heart is the : Atrium
Condition of deficient oxygen Hypoxia
Largest vein in the body Vena cava
Arteries supplying blood to the heart Coronary Arteries
Membrane surrounding the heart Pericardium
Artery carrying blood to the arm Brachial Artery
Innermost layer of the Heart Endocardium
Contraction of the heart Systole
Relaxation of the heart Diastole
Artery carrying blood to the lungs Pulmonary Artery
Bluish discoloration of the skin Synosis
Abnormal heart sound Murmmer
Record of the blood vessels Angiogram
Ultrasound of the heart ECHO, echocardiography
Electrocardiography ECG, the measurement of electrical activity in the hear
Another word for heart attack Myocardial infarction
Smallest blood vessels in the body are called Capillary
Where on the heart is the Aorta Left side of the heart, connected to the left ventricle
De-oxygenated blood enters the right atrium through which blood vessel? Venae cavae
Which artery carries deoxygenated blood? Pulmonary artery
Which part of the heart pumps blood directly into the aorta?` Left Ventricle
Which gaseous waste product is carried in deoxygenated blood? Carbon Dioxide, CO2 (remember both)
The pathway of blood from the heart to the body tissues is called Systemic
Which valve separates the right atrium from the right ventricle? Tricuspid valve
Which part of the heart functions as the pacemaker? Cynoatrial node
Abnormal heart rhythms are called Dysrythmia
A congenital heart malformation involving four defects is: Tetralogy of Fallot
A widening or dilation of an artery is called Aneurysm
All blood cells arise from which cells? Hematopoietic stem cells
Protein that helps maintain proper concentration of water in the blood Albumin
IgE and IgA are examples of? Antibodies
A lack of which clotting factors would result in hemophilia? VIII and IX
what vein carries oxygenated blood into the heart? Pulmonary vein (pulmonary meaning, pertaining to the lungs)
dysrythmia painful/difficult ))) congenital heart disease, born with, abnormal rhythm to the heart