Science First Six

Question Answer
What is the function of Carbohydrate? main source of energy and use of structural purpose
What is the function of Lipid? 1.Long term energy storage
2. Water proof
3. Natural Steroid production
4. Cell Membrane
What is the function of Protein? 1. they are enzymes that control rate of reaction
2. used to form bones and muscles
3. regulate cell processes
4.transport substances into or out of cells
5. help to fight infection
What element is present in Carbohydrate? carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What element is present in Lipid? carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What element is present in Protein? carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen
What are the special groups? amino, carboxyl, and r group
What is the ratio for Carbohydrates? 1:2:1
What is the building block (Monomers) for Carbohydrates? glucose, fructose, galactose
What is the building block (Monomers) for Lipid? fatty acids and glycerol
What is the building block (Monomers) for Protein? amino acids
What test determine Lipid is present? Brown Paper Grease Spot
What test determine Sugar is present? Benedict Color
What test determine Protein is present? Biuret Color
What test determine Starch is present? Iodine Color
What is the positive color for Sugar test? White, orange, brown, or green
What is the positive spotter for Lipid test? Grease Spot
What is the positive color for Starch test? black or brown
What is the function of Enzyme? they act as Catalase
What does Catalase do? Lower activation energy needed for reaction
Where does Catalase found? in living aniaml
What react the most to Enzyme? raw food
What does Catalase break down? into water and hydrogen
What is the positive color for Protein test? Violet
What is the Amino group? composed of one nitrogen and two hydrogen atoms
What is the Carboxyl group? COOH
What is the R group? the atom that hang by itself at the second half of the structural image.
Name the type of fats. saturated, unsaturated, polyunsaturated, and Trans fat
What is saturated fat? which all carbon atom single bond to hydrogen. Found in animals and a solid at room temperature
What is unsaturated fat? where a single carbon is double bond to carbon. Found in Plants and fish fat. Liquid at room temperature.
What is Trans Fats? Where saturated turn to unsaturated fat by chemical hydrogenation. Body don't recognize and can't use it.
What is Polyunsaturated? where fat contain multiple carbon atom double bond to carbon.
What are Glycerol ? composed of hydrogen, carbon, oxygen
What are Fatty Acids Long carbon and hydrogen chains ending in a COOH group. The start of the chain is polar while the COOH is non-polar
What is Polar water
What is non-polar can't interact with water
What is the function of Nucleic Acids control heredity
What elements is present in Nucleic Acids Phosphorus, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
Whats the chemical formula for glucose, fructose,and Galactose? C6H12O6
whats the chemical formula for sucrose, lactose, and maltose? C12H22O11
What is organic? compound that contain the element carbon.
What is inorganic? compound that don't contain the element carbon.
What does hydrophobic mean? anti water
What does hydrophilic mean? love water
What is dehydration synthesis? water in the product a condensation reaction
What is hydrolysis? water in the reactant
What does isomer mean? two different compound having the same elements but in a different arrangement.
What is a active site? The specific region of an enzyme where a substrate binds and catalysis takes place or where chemical reaction occurs.
What are the monosaccharides for Carbohydrates? Glucose, fructose, and Galactose
What are the disaccharides for Carbohydrates? Sucrose, Lactose, and Maltose
What are the polysaccharides for Carbohydrates? Glycogen, Plant Starch, Cellulose, and Chitin
what is a peptide bond? chemical bond formed between two molecules when the carboxyl group of one molecule reacts with the amino group of the other molecule, releasing a molecule of water
What is a hydrogen bond? A weak Bond.
Why are covalent bond are strong? Two atom share a pair of electron
Very stable
Acid release what? Release hydrogen ion
What is cohesion Water bond with water molecules
What is adhesion? Water bond with other molecules
What part of the pH scale is acid 1-6
What part of the pH scale is for cell 7
What part of the pH scale is base 8-14