Ch. 4

Term Definition
civil liberties freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment
censorship the banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas
petition a formal request for government action
slander spoken untruths that are harmful to someones reputation
libel written untruths that are harmful to ones reputation
search warrant a court order allowing law enforcement officers to search or inspect a suspects home or business and take specific items as evidence
indictment a formal charge by a grand jury
grand jury a group of citizens that decide whether there is sufficient evidence to convict a suspect of committing a crime
double jeopardy putting someone on trial for a crime that he or she has previously committed
due process following established legal procedures
eminent domain the right of government to take private property for public use
bail a sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial
suffrage the right to vote
poll tax a sum of money required of voters before they are permitted to cast a ballot
discrimination unfair judgement based on prejudice against a certain group
segregation social separation of races
civil rights the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law
affirmation action programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access jobs and opportunities
racial profiling singling out an individual as a suspect due to appearance of ethnicity