Carter Test 5 Carter / World History Foundation Words Test 5

Question Answer
Indo-Aryans branch of Indo-Europeans who migrated into India from the plateau of Iran
Vedas religious text of the Indo-Aryans that tell about the history and culture of the Aryans
Dravidians descendants of the original inhabitants of the Indus River Valley
Kshatriyas Indo-Aryan warriors
Brahmins Indo-Aryan priests
Vaisyas Indo-Aryan herders, farmers, artisans, and merchants
Sundras one of the non-Indo-Aryan Varnas which consisted of farm workers, servants, and laborers/ one of the lowest classes in Indo-Aryan society
Caste System a system of social rank in Indo-Aryan society, based on birth
Yin and Yang Chinese belief that two complimentary forces dictate everything in the Universe
Calligraphy Chinese art of fine handwriting
Mandate of Heaven the divine right to rule in which the Chinese believe the gods choose the leading dynasty
Silk Road the trade route that eventually connected China to the Middle East and Europe
Hinduism One of the two major religions that emerged in Ancient India
Buddhism One of the two major religions that emerged in Ancient India
Moksha union with Brahma / the goal of all Hindus
Reincarnation rebirth of the soul
Dharma the religious or moral duties that all hindus must follow
Karma action of a person's life that affect his/her fate in the next life
Siddhartha Gautama founder of Buddhism
Four Noble Truths principals that are at the heart of Buddhism which includes the Eight Fold Path
Nirvana to become one with the universe, also known as "perfect peace" / the goal of all Buddhists
Chandragupta Maurya created the first great Indian Empire
Asoka the most honored Mauryan emperor, grandson to Chandragupta, converted to Buddhism, stressed nonviolent means to achieve a goal
Confucious also known as Master Kong or Kong Fuzi, considered to be the greatest Chinese philosopher, ideas included respect for your elders and practicing a code of politeness
Laozi known as the
'Old Master" / founder of the Chinese philosophy known as Taoism / Daoism
Shinto "the way of the gods" / the worship of forces of nature in early Japanese society
Archipelago chain of islands
Varnas social classes of Indo-Aryan society
Sanskirt language / writing of the Indo-Aryans
Leizu woman who discovered the idea that the thread produced by the silkworm could be spun into cloth