bio and protection bio and protection tests

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RADIATION PROTECTION GUIDELINES ARE BASED ON? LATE EFFECT RADIATION
____IS A LATE EFFECT OF RADIATION EXPOSURE CANCER
AN EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDY OF THE LATE EFFECTS OF VERY LOW DOSES OF RADIATION REQUIRES A POPULATION OF ___? MILLIONS
A __ EFFECT INCREASES IN INCIDENCES BUT NOT SEVERITY AS DOSE INCREASES? STOCHASTIC
LOW DOSES OF RADIATION HAVE BEEN SHOWN TO CAUSE CHROMOSOME DAMAGE
CHRONIC LOW DOSES OF RADIATION HAVE ___ EFFECT ON FERTILITY NONE
STUDIES OF A-BOMB SURVIVORS INDICATE LEUKEMIA HAS A DOSE RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP TO RADIATION LINEAR NON THRESHOLD
RADIATION INDUCED LEUKEMIA HAS A LATENT PERIOD OF HOW MANY YEARS 4-7
ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS PATIENTS TREATED WITH RADIATION SHOWED INCREASED INCIDENTS OF.. LEUKEMIA
IT IS DIFFICULT TO LINK CANCER TO RADIATION EXPOSURE BECAUSE IT OCCURS IN___IN THE POPULATION HIGH PROPORTION
PEOPLE WHO HAVE HAD RADIATION TREATMENT TO THEIR THYMUS GLAND AS CHILDREN, LATER SHOWED EXCESS RISK FOR___ THYROID CANCER
PEOPLE WHO WERE PAINTING RADIUM WATCH DIALS LATER SHOWED EXCESS RISK FOR ___? BONE CANCER
WHAT IS THE FORMULA FOR RELATIVE RISK? RELATIVE RISK = OBSERVED CASES / EXPECTED CASES
RADIATION INDUCED SKIN CANCER IN RADIOTHERAPY PATIENTS HAVE OCCURED WITH? THRESHOLD
THE THEORY OF RADIATION HORMESIS SUGGESTS THAT RADIATION DOSES BELOW 10 RADS ARE___? GOOD FOR YOU; BENEFICIAL
A STUDY OF AN IRRIDATED POPULATION THAT SHOWED RELATIVE RISK FACTORS BELOW ___ WOULD INDICATE THAT THE POPULATION HAD A ____ RISK? 1.0; reduced
THE MOST RADIO SENSITIVE PERIOD DURING PREGNANCY FOR RADIATION INDUCED CONGENTIAL ABNORMALITIES IS THE ____ FIRST TRIMESTER
DATA SHOWING RADIATION INDUCED HUMAN GENETIC ABNORMALITIES DO NOT EXIST IN THE CASE OF LOW DOSES AND HIGH DOSES IS STUDIES BY WHOM? BEIR (COMMITTEE ON THE BIOLOGIC EFFECTS OF IONIZING RADIATION)
OUR INFORMATION ON GENETIC EFFECTS OF RADIATION HAS COME FROM THE STUDY OF MICE AND FLIES
THE THRESHOLD DOSE FOR A CATARACTS FORMATION IS KNOWN TO BE ___ RADS OF ACUTE EXPOSURE TO THE EYE 200 RADS
THE LAW OF __- STATES THAT THE RADIOSENSITIVITY OF LIVING TISSUE IS A FUNCTION OF THE METABOLISM AND MATURATION OF THAT TISSUE BERGONIE AND TRIBONDEAU
TISSUES THAT ARE ___WITH A ___ METABOLIC RATE ARE MORE RADIOSENSITIVE IMMATURE, HIGH
___IS A MEASURE OF THE RATE THAT ENERGY IS TRANSFERRED FROM IONIZING RADIATION TO SOFT TISSUE. LET
AS LET___, THE RBE___ INCREASES, INCREASES
A PROTRACTED DOSE OF RADIATION IS GIVEN OVER A LONG PERIOD OF TIME
A DOSE OF 1000 RADS GIVEN TO A PATIENT IN 5 DOSES OF 200 RADS PER DAY IS A ___DOSE FRACTIONATED
THE LET OF DIAGNOSTIC XRAYS IS ___KEV/UM 3.0
THE RBE OF DIAGNOSTIC XRAYS IS EQUAL TO 1
TISSUE IS __-RADIOSENSITIVE UNDER HIGH OXYGEN CONDITIONS AND ___RADIOSENSITIVE UNDER HYPOXIC CONDITIONS MORE, LESS
FRACTIONATION AND PROTRACTION ARE USED FOR RADIATION THERAPY BECAUSE THEY ALLOW THE PATIENT TO ___ RECOVER BETWEEN DOSES, HAVE HIGHER TOTAL DOSES, REPAIR DAMAGE TISSUES.
HUMANS ARE MOST RADIOSENSITIVE DURING ___ FETAL STAGES
THE HUMAN APPLICATION OF RADIO PROTECTIVE AGENTS WOULD ___ BE FATALLY TOXIC
HUMAN CELLS CANNOT RECOVER FROM RADIATION DAMAGE AFTER THERE IS INTERPHASE DEATH
STUDIES OF THE EFFECTS OF RADIATION SHOW THAT LOW DOSES MAY STIMULATE THE IMMUNE SYSTEM, EXTEND THE LIFE SPAN, STIMULATE HORMONAL RESPONSES
A ___ RESPONSE TO RADIATION IS DIRECTLY PROPORTIONAL TO THE DOSE RECEIVED LINEAR
IF A RESPONSE TO RADIATION IS EXPECTED, NO MATTER HOW SMALL THE DOSE, THEN THAT DOSE-RESPONSE IS ___ NONTHRESHOLD
RADIATION INDUCED GENETIC DAMAGE FOLLOWS A ___DOSE RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP LINEAR NONTHRESHOLD
WHICH DOSE RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP CAN FOLLOW A SIGMOID CURVE NONLINEAR THRESHOLD
THE HUMAN DOSE RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP AT LOW RANGES OF RADIATION IS CALCULATED USING ___ EXTRAPOLATION FROM HIGH RANGES
THE ___ IS THE BASIC FUNCTIONAL UNIT OF ALL PLANTS AND ANIMALS CELL
THE HUMAN BODY IS COMPOSED OF ABOUT 80%___ WATER
THE ___IN THE BODY PROVIDE FUEL FOR CELL METABOLISM, CARBOHYDRATES
THE ENDOCRINE GLANDS PRODUCE___ HORMONES
THE ___IN THE CELL ARE NUCLEIC ACIDS DNA AND RNA
THE MOST RADIOSENSITIVE TARGET MOLECULE IN THE HUMAN CELL IS THE DNA
DNA IS LOCATED IN THE ____ OF THE CELL NUCLEUS
THE ONLY PRINCIPAL MOLECULES IN THE BODY WHICH ARE SIMPLE MOLECULES ARE ____ MOLECULES WATER
THE METABOLIC PROCESS OF BUILDING LARGE MOLECULES FROM SMALLER ONES IS CALLED ____ ANABOLISM
ALL THE HEREDITARY INFORMATION ABOUT AN INDIVIDUAL IS CONTAINED IN THE ____- CELLS GERM
THE TWO MAJOR PARTS OF THE CELL ARE THE NUCLEUS AND THE CYTOPLASM
THE CELL "ENGINES" ARE THE MITOCHONDRIA
THE ___ HAVE THE FUNCTION OF CLEANING CONTAMINANTS FROM THE CELL LYSOSOMES
A CODON IS A GENETIC MESSAGE
RIBONUCLEIC ACIT (RNA) IS LOCATED PRIMARILY IN THE CYTOPLASM
MEIOSIS IS THE PROCESS OF CELL DIVISION FOR ____ CELLS GENETIC
A CELL IS IN ___ WHEN IT IS NOT UNDERGOING MITOSIS OR MEIOSIS INTERPHASE
ANY CHROMOSOME DAMAGE INDUCED BY RADIATION COULD BE SEEN DURING THE ___ METAPHASE
DURING THE ___PHASE OF CELL LIFE, EACH DNA MOLECULE IS REPLICATED INTO TWO IDENTICAL DAUGHTER DNA MOLECULES s
THE PROCESS OF CELL MEIOSISI RESULTS IN CELLS WITH ____ CHROMOSOMES EACH 23
THE TISSUE IN THE ___ IS MORE RADIOSENSITIVE THAN ___TISSUE BONE MARROW, SKIN
BEFORE CELLS MATURE THEY ARE CALLED ___ CELLS STEM, PRECURSOR, UNDIFFERENTIATED
MOST OF THE TISSUE IN THE AVERAGE HUMAN BODY IS COMPOSED OF ___ MUSCLE
THE LOWEST AMOUNT OF RADIOACTIVITY TO WHICH THE MOST HIGHLY RADIOSENSITIVE TISSUES WILL RESPOND IS ____RADS 200
ONE OF THE MOST RADIOSENSITIVE TISSUES IN THE BODY IS ___ TISSUE LYMPHOID
IF A MACROMOLECULE HAS A __- IT WILL BREAK DOWN INTO SMALLER MOLECULES MAIN-CHAIN SCISSION
IN VITRO IRRADIATION OF MACROMOLECULES CAUSES ___ DAMAGE TO MACROMOLECULES REPAIRABLE, REVERSIBLE
THE MOST RADIOSENSITIVE MACROMOLECULE IS DNA
DNA IS CONTAINED IN THE ___ OF THE CELL NUCLEUS CHROMOSOMES
A TYPE OF DAN DAMAGE THAT MAY NOT BE REVERSIBLE IS A ____ BASE CHANGE OR LOSS
RADIATION DAMAGE TO DNA CAN RESULT IN CELL DEATH, MALIGNANT DISEASE, GENETIC CHANGES
MOLIECULAR LESIONS OF DNA ARE CALLED POINT MUTATIONS
THE PRINCIPAL RADIATION INTERACTION WITHIN THE HUMAN BODY IS WITH WATER
THE DISASSOCIATION OF WATER MOLECULES FOLLOWING IRRADIATION IS TERMED RADIOLYSIS
WHEN AN ATOM OF WATER IS IRRADIATED IT FIRST DISSOCIATES INTO AN ION PAIR
TWO OH FREE RADICALS CAN JOIN TO FORM ___ MOLECULES HYDROGEN PEROXIDE
FREE RADICALS CAN BE DAMAGING BECAUSE THEY ARE ___ UNSTABLE AND HIGHLY REACTIVE
ACCORDING TO TARGET THEORY, THE TARGET MOLECULE OF A CELL IS __- THE DNA IN THE NUCLEUS
AN INDIRECT EFFECT FROM IONIZING RADIATION OCCURS ON A ___ MOLECULE FREE RADICAL
A TARGET MOLECULE THAT IS ___ WILL ALWAYS CAUSE CELL DEATH INACTIVATED
A HIT TO A CELL TARGET CAN OCCUR FROM A(N) ___ EFFECT INDIRECT, DIRECT
THE PROBABILITY OF A HIT IS INCREASED WITH ___ OXYGEN AND ___- LET RADIATION HIGH, HIGH
IONIZING EVENTS FROM IRRADIATION ARE CONSIDERED TO BE DIRECT EFFECTS IF THEY OCCUR WITH ____ MOLECULES DNA
IRRADIATION HITS OCCUR THROUGH ___ INDIRECT EFFECTS AND DIRECT EFFECTS
THE PRINCIPAL RADIATION INTERACTIONS WITHIN THE HUMAN BODY ARE ASSUMED TO BE ___ INDIRECT EFFECTS
THE LETHAL EFFECTS OF CELL IRRADIATION ARE MEASURED BY CELL ___ SURVIVAL
THE ___TARGET____HIT MODEL OF RADIATION INDUCED CELL DEATH APPLIES TO SIMPLE CELLS ONLY SINGLE, SINGLE
THE DO REPRESENTS THE ___ DOSE FOR HUMAN CELLS MEAN LETHAL
HUMAN CELLS ARE MOST RADIOSENSITIVE DURING THE ___- PHASE OF THE CELL CYCLE MITOSIS
THE DQ IS THE ___ DOSE FOR IRRADIATION OF HUMAN CELLS THRESHOLD
THE MINIMUM DOSE LETHAL TO HUMANS IS __-RADS TO THE WHOLD BODY 200
SOME RADIATION VICTIMS OF ___ SYNDROME MAY RECOVER COMPLETELY HEMATOLOGIC
THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM SYNDROME OCCURS FOLLOWING A WHOLE BODY DOSE OF ___RADS OR MORE 5000
IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING A WHOLE BODY DOSE OF 1000 RADS THAT VICTIM WOULD EXPERIENCE PRODROMAL SYMPTOMS
A DOSE OF __-RADS OR MORE TO A SMALL AREA OF THE BODY CAN CAUSE SKIN ERYTHEMA 200
THERE IS USUALLY A ___BEFORE THE SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE RADIATION SYNDROMES APPEAR LATENT PERIOD
THE DESTRUCTION OF ___CELLS IN THE INTESTINAL LINING CAUSES DEATH FROM GI SYNDROME STEM
A PERSON SUBJECTED TO 5000 RADS TO THE WHOLD BODY MAY SURVIVE FOR ___BEFORE DEATH OCCURS 3 DAYS
DURING THE LATENT PERIOD THE RADIATION VICTIM EXPERIENCES ____ WELL-BEING
A LOCAL DOSE OF __-RADS OR MORE CAN CAUSE GONADAL DYSFUNCTION 10
WHAT WOULD BE THE MOST LIKELY IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO A WHOLE BODY DOSE OF 200 RADS DIARRHEA, NAUSEA, AND VOMITING
A SUBJECT WOULD NOT EXPERIENCE ___FOLLOWING A DOSE HIGH ENOUGH TO CAUSE CNS SYNDROME HEMATOLOGIC SYNDROME
THE LD 50/60 IS THE DOSE OF RADIATION TO THE WHOLE BODY THAT WILL RESULTS IN DEATH WITHIN __TO __% OF THE IRRADIATED POPULATION 60 DAYS, 50
___ARE AMONG THE MOST RADIORESISTIVE SPECIES COCKROACH
DEATH FROM ACUTE RADIATION EXPOSURE FOLLOWS A ___,___ DOSE RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP NONLINEAR, THRESHOLD
THE LD 50/60 FOR HUMANS IS APPROXIMATELY __-RADS 350
HIGH DOSES OF RADIATION TO A LOCALIZED AREA CAN LEAD TO ___OF TISSUES AND ORGANS IN THAT AREA REDUCTION IN SIZE, SHRINKAGE, TOTAL LOSS OF FUNCTION
ABOUT HALF OF THE POPULATION WILL EXPERIENCE SKIIN ERYTHEMA FOLLOWING A LOCALIZED DOSE OF ___RADS 500
SKIN EFFECTS FROM LOCALIZED DOSES OF RADIATION FOLLOW A ___DOSE RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP NONLINEAR THRESHOLD
LOCALIZED DOSES OF 700 RADS TO THE SKIN CAN CAUSE __- PERMANENT HAIR LOSS
OVARIES ARE MOST RADIOSENSITIVE DURING FETAL GROWTH AND EARLY CHILDHOOD
GONADAL RESPONSES TO RADIATION HAVE BEEN OBSERVED AT DOSES AS LOW AS __-RADS 10
THE STEM CELLS OF THE OVARIES MULTIPLY DURING __- FETAL GROWTH
A SINGLE CHROMOSOME ABERRATION REPRESENTS __-TO THE DNA WITHIN THE CHROMOSOME LITTLE DAMAGE
THE MOST RADIOSENSITIVE CELLS INT HE HEMATOPOIETIC SYSTEM OF HUMAN BODY ARE THE ___ LYMPHOCYTES
T/F THE STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF IONIZING RADIATION ON HUMANS CONDUCTED TO REFINE KNOWLEDGE OF EFFECTED RESPONSES IS KNOWN AS RADIOBIOLOGY TRUE
WHAT DOES ALARA STAND FOR AS LOW AS REASONABLY ACHIEVABLE
CATABOLISM + ANABOLISM METABOLISM
WATER MAKES UP ___% OF THE HUMAN SYSTEM 80
T/F THE TWO MAJOR STRUCTURES OF THE CELL ARE THE NUCLEUS AND CYTOPLASM TRUE
HEALTH PHYSICS IS CONCERNED WITH MINIMIZING RADIATION DOSE TO RADIATION PHYSICISTS, RADIATION WORKERS, THE PUBLIC
THE FIRST RADIATION HEALTH PHYSICISTS WORKED WITH THE ATOM BOMB
THE THREE CARDINAL PRINCIPALS OF RADIATION PROTECTION INVOLVE TIME DISTANCE AND SHIELDING
EXPOSURE IS MEASURED BY MULTIPLYING ___ BY __- EXPOSURE RATE , EXPOSURE TIME
IF A TECH IS EXPOSED TO 4 MR/ HR FOR 45 MINUTES DURING A FLUORO EXAM WHAT WILL BE THE TOTAL EXPOSURE 3 MR
WHEN USING THE INVERSE SQUARE LAW DURING FLUORO THE PATIENT SHOULD BE CONSIDERED A ___ SOURCE OF RADIATION POINT
IF A TECH IS RECEIVING 200 MR/HR STANDING 1 FOOT FRO THE PT DURING FLUORO WHAT THE RATE OF EXPOSURE WHEN THEY STEP BACK A DISTANCE OF 2 FEET FROM THE PT 50 MR/HR
A TENTH VALUE LAYER IS EQUAL TO __- HALF VALUE LAYERS 3.3
IF THE HVL IN A RADIOLOGY DEPARTMENT IS .25 MM PB THEN HOW THICK SHOULD A SHIELD BE TO REDUCE THE TECH'S EXPOSURE TO ONE FOURTH THE INCIDENT SCATTER .5 MM PB
WHAT IS THE NCRP NATIONAL COUNCIL OF RADIATION PROTECTION
THE NCRP MAKES ___ REGARDING DOSE LIMIT S RECOMMENDATIONS
THE DOSE LIMITS ESTABLISHED BY THE NCRP ARE DERIVED FROM BEIR AND NSC
THE NCRP PUBLISHES ANNUAL DOSE LIMITS FOR __- EXPOSURE PUBLIC, OCCUPATIONAL, PRENATAL
DOSE LIMITS ARE BASED ON A ___ DOSE RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP TO RADIATION LINEAR, NONTHRESHOLD
THE DOSE LIMIT FOR THE GENERAL PUBLIC IS __- THE DOSE LIMIT FOR OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE 1/10
WHAT IS THE ANNUAL EFFECTIVE DOSE LIMIT RECOMMENDED FOR OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE 5 REM
THE RECOMMENDED CUMULATIVE LIFETIME EXPOSURE FOR TECHS IS 1 REM X AGE IN YEARS
WHAT IS THE TOTAL DOSE LIMIT FO RTHE EMBRYO AND FETUS .5 REM
IT IS MOST CRITICAL TO AVOID RADIATION EXPOSURE TO A FETUS DURING THE ___ OF THE PREGNANCY THIRD TO TENTH WEEK
THE PREGNANT PATIENT CAN BE RADIOGRAPHED IF IT IS KNOWN AND DOCUMENTED
WHEN A TECH BECOMES PREGNANT SHE SHOULD BE ISSUED A SECOND PERSONNEL MONITORING DEVICE
THE RECOMMENDED DOSE LIMIT FOR THE PREGNANT TECH IS __- MREM/MONTH 50
THE CONCEPT OF EFFECTIVE DOSE ACCOUNTS FOR THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF RADIATION AND RBE AND THE RELATIVE RADIOSENSITIVITY OF VARIOUS TISSUES AND ORGANS
A REASONABLE SAFEGUARD AGAINST ACCIDENTAL IRRADIATION OF A PREGNANT PATIENT WOULD BE ___ TO POST WARNING SIGNS IN THE DEPARTMENT
WHAT IS THE BEST APPROACH TO OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION EXPOSURE WEAR PROTECTIVE APPAREL AT ALL TIMES